Wystawa „Kamień na Kamieniu”

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Holocaust - data base from Myslenice, Dobczyce, Sulkowice, Wisniowa
Jewish Heritage in Tatra – exhibition
Jews in Myslenice High School
Myslenice Survivors - a photo exhibition: foto-1, foto-2, foto-3, foto-4, foto-5, foto-6, foto-7,
A Critical Analysis of Adam Doboszynski's March on Myslenice in 1936
Polish-Jewish Relations in Myslenice before 1939
Yizkor Book

Lapis super lapidem non reliquentur hic, a w polskiej wersji: nie pozostanie tu kamień na kamieniu...
Słowa, które sprawdziły się i wciąż sprawdzają w Jerozolimie...
Słowa, które sprawdziły się i wciąż sprawdzają w Polsce...
Tam pozostała tylko Ściana Płaczu, dniem i nocą pilnowana przez uzbrojonych po zęby żołnierzy...
Tutaj pozostały przewrócone groby, ruiny synagog i tablice pamięci, które czasem tak trudno zawiesić...
Pięć tysięcy lat historii, bez ustanku walczącej z piachem Negevu...
Tysiąc lat historii odesłanej do nieba w mniej lub bardziej wydajnych spalarniach...
Ofiara dziękczynna złożona wspólnemu Bogu w imię wiecznego rozdzielenia,
W imię kamiennych macew utwardzających fundamenty polskich dróg
W imię małych kamyków przybywających z całego świata i układanych na polskich - żydowskich cmentarzach...
Kiedy pisaliśmy naszą aplikację do programu Interreg III A, kiedy dostaliśmy zielone światło na realizację projektu „Wielokulturowe Tatry”, kiedy organizowaliśmy festiwal w Myślenicach w czerwcu, wiele osób pytało nas, po co to robimy?
Ta wystawa jest odpowiedzią, a właściwie jedną z tysięcy możliwych odpowiedzi. Dedykujemy ją wszystkim tym, którzy nie potrafią się pogodzić...

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 Panel 1 – Ružomberok
This abandoned synagogue, built in 1880, is situated in the centre of the town. There is fine architectural detail in the Rundbogen style – a forerunner of modern utilitarian styles of architecture, with fine surviving stained glass windows.

 Panel 2 – Liptovský Mikuláš
This wonderful synagogue in classical style was erected initially in 1846, for the active, well integrated Jewish community in the town. LM was the first town in Hungary to choose a Jewish mayor, in 1865. The present building is the result of rebuilding undertaken in 1906 by the Budapest architect Louis Baumhorn. There are plans to restore the building as the Slovak Holocaust Museum.

 Panel 3 – Grybów
Ruins of the synagogue. The Jewish Gmina in Krakow has just started the reconstruction of the building.

 Panel 4 – Grybów
Ruined interior of the synagogue. The Grybów hassids (over 900 souls) belonged to the Sączer dynasty and one of the Grybów rabbis even became Tzaddik in Nowy Sacz.

 Panel 5 – Biecz
The Star of David on the entry gate to the cemetery.

 Panel 6 – Liptovský Mikuláš
Women’s gallery on the balcony of the richly decorated interior of the synagogue.

 Panel 7 – Grybów
Windows of the synagogue.

 Panel 8 – Ružomberok
Entry to the women’s gallery.

 Panel 9– Liptovský Mikuláš
Fragment of the plasterwork in the interior of the synagogue.

 Panel 10 – Myślenice
Memorial plaque on the Market Square. The plaque was erected on the 62nd anniversary of the final liquidation of the Myslenice Jewish Community. On the plaque is written in Polish and Hebrew: In this place on 22nd August 1942 the Nazis sent 1300 Jews from Myslenice and the surrounding area to their deaths in Skawina and Belzec.

 Panel 11 – Limanowa
Matseva (tombstone) in the cemetery.

 Panel 12 – Mszana Dolna
Memorial for 22 victims of the Nazis found hidden behind former agro-industrial buildings.

 Panel 13 – Liptovský Mikuláš
Decorative detail inside the synagogue.

 Panel 14 – Biecz
Fragment of a matseva on a mass grave in the cemetery.

 Panel 15 – Gorlice
Former synagogue, now a bakery. (2 photos)

 Panel 16 – Liptovský Mikuláš
Views of the interior of the synagogue.

 Panel 17 – Czarny Dunajec
Synagogue (2 photos).

 Panel 18 – Grybów
Windows of the synagogue.

 Panel 19 – Mszana Dolna
Cemetery and mass grave. Jews from Mszana Dolna and the surrounding communities were murdered and buried here. The memorial plaque commemorates the 881 victims, however the local community reckons that there were probably more than this.

 Panel 20 – Gorlice
Jewish cemetery (2 photos).

 Panel 21 - Nowy Targ
a. Graffiti on the wall of the former synagogue (currently a cinema). The Jews of Nowy Targ were the largest Jewish community in Podhale. The very assimilated element in the community (over 800 from 1500 in the Community) prayed here, although it is difficult today to recognize the synagogue. These were the Jewish aristocracy. The remainder, for the most part Bobowa hassids, prayed in small private prayer houses.
b. Jewish cemetery.

 Panel 22 – Limanowa
Graves in the cemetery (2 photos). Jews comprised over half the population of this town before the War.

 Panel 23 – Biecz
Former synagogue currently the Town Hall. (2 photos) Throngs of relatives and well-wishers greeted us at the Biecz train station. All the men had long beards. They were dressed in black suits with vests and large black hats. The women wore black dresses down to their ankles, heads covered with wigs. The boys wore sidelocks, knickers and caps. It looked like all one hundred-sixty Jewish families in the shtetl had gathered on the platform. …The shtetl of Biecz reminded me of pictures of villages in America before the automobile - horses, wagons and dogs everywhere - smoke swirling from chimneys, no indoor plumbing or street lights. (An American, Mark Jakoby, writing about a visit to the family town of his father in 1936)

 Panel 24 – Stary Sącz
Synagogue. Interior and exterior views.

 Panel 25 – Nowy Sącz
Grodzka Synagogue at night and in daylight. Currently it hosts the municipal art gallery and museum. Nowy Sacz was host to one of the most orthodox groups of hassids. These survived the holocaust and set themselves up outside the borders of Poland. (The Saczer dynasty and its associated groups).

 Panel 26 – Wiśniowa
Wooden synagogue, view from the streamside.

 Panel 27 – Nowy Targ
Jewish cemetery (2 photos). In the upper photo can be seen the grave of Gizela Herz, representative of a famous Nowy Targ family.

 Panel 28 – Nowy Targ
Jewish cemetery (2 photos).

 Panel 29 – Podwilk
a. View across fields to the isolated and overgrown cemetery in Podwilk. Thjis cemetery served the Jewish inhabitants of other surrounding communities: Jablonka, Piekielnik, Zubrzyca, Lipnica and Orawka. In the interwar period the gmina had about 100 Jewish inhabitants.
b. Matseva with a Star of David.

 Panel 30 – Gorlice
a. Matsevas – „sleeping stones”.
b. Memorial on the Jewish cemetery.

 Panel 31 – Tvrdošín
Synagogue, built in 1885. The interior is totally rebuilt and is now a bar and restaurant.

 Panel 32 – Myślenice
a. Jewish cemetery.The Myslenice Jewish cemetery was used by neighbours from surrounding gminas – Dobczyce, Sułkowice, Gdów.
b. Matseva lying on the ground, in an overgrown part of the cemetery. Under the leaves one can read the following inscription in Hebrew: Here is interred a dear young man with a generous heart [two letters that are indecipherable] Shlomo the son of Chaim Goldberg from the town of Sulkowice the month of Heshvan, 1919. May his soul be bound with the souls of the living. (Translation: Arnold Roth, son of a holocaust survivor from Myslenice).

 Panel 33 – Trstená
This synagogue stands next to the former rabbinate building in the centre of the town. Although converted to a shop, it retains the feeling of a synagogue.

 Panel 34 – Bełżec / Myślenice
a. Memorial to the Myslenice transport in the Belzec Extermination Camp Museum.
b. Memorial stone in the Jewish cemetery in Myslenice.

 Panel 35 – Dobczyce
Two photos of the ruin of the mikva – a ritual bath serving the 350 Jews in Dobczyce.

 Panel 36 – Bobowa
Jewish cemetery in the town (3 photos).

 Panel 37 – Wiśniowa
The old synagogue in Wisniowa is a treasure which we should give particular attention to protecting. There are not many wooden synagogues left in Poland, and in this part of the country there is only this one which could be included in the development of a trail on Jewish religious architecture.

 Panel 38 – Bobowa
SYnagogue – view from the rear. There is a hasidic court where one of the descendant lines of the Saczer dynasty was based. Reduced after the War to about 300 souls, the dynasty recovered to become one of the most active hasidic communities in the World. It has its headquarters in Borouigh Park, New York. The synagogue was returned to the Jewish community and it has been restored by the Halberstam family and again serves as a meeting place and place of prayer for hasidic groups coming to Bobowa.

 Panel 39 – Mszana Dolna
Matseva of a levite.The jugs used by levites to wash the hands of the cohanim are symbols that are often found on matsevas.

 Panel 40 – Mszana Dolna
Matseva with two lions.

 Panel 41 – Bobowa
Internal view of the synagogue during restoration work.

 Panel 42 – Bobowa
Synagogue from the front. Wooden synagogues and prayer houses were once a common feature in the Polish countryside. Unfortunately the front of Bobowa synagogue and the Wisniowa prayer house are the only remaining examples of this tradition in southern Poland. One can still see other individual examples of wooden synagogues in Ukraine and Lithuania.

Copyright Stowarzyszenie "Wspólnota Myślenice"